There are four types of scoliosis, which have varied causes:
Congenital Scoliosis: As the name suggests, it is a congenital defect, which is to say that this type of scoliosis presents itself because of a bone abnormality at birth.
Neuromuscular Scoliosis: This type of scoliosis presents itself because of abnormal muscles or nerves. This type of scoliosis is often seen in people who have spina bifida or cerebral palsy. It is also seen in people with conditions that result in or is accompanied by paralysis.
Degenerative Scoliosis: you have a risk of developing Degenrative scoliosis if you have had a traumatic injury resulting in bone collapse, major back surgery or osteoporosis.
Idiopathic scoliosis: This is the most common type of scoliosis and it generally presents itself in teenagers and adolescents. However, there is no known cause of Idiopathic scoliosis. Nonetheless, there is strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited.