Six Easy Steps to Maintaining Upper Body Health


upper-bodyStaying healthy and keeping fit can help prevent a variety of conditions, as well as prevent injuries. Joint problems and muscle strain can be prevented, as well as other conditions that affect the organs. In this blog, we ae going to talk about easy ways to maintain upper body health.

There are many issues with having poor upper body health. It can affect different parts of the body, ranging from the shoulders to the spine, and the feet. It can lead to the constriction of blood vessels and nerves too. Rounded shoulders and curved spine are common in bad posture, which can have negative effects on the organs like lungs and digestive system and put unnecessary strain on the ligaments and joints.

Some of the common problems caused by poor upper body health are:

Back Strain and Injuries
Shoulder Strain
Muscle aches
Foot Pronation
Constriction of Blood Vessels
Pinching Nerves

Maintain a healthy and fit upper body can help prevent these problems from occurring and, in most cases help relieve them as well. Here are six steps you can take to improve your upper body health:

Maintain Good Posture

Standing or sitting with a straight back and pulled-back shoulders can help immensely in maintain good health. It has physical as well as psychological effects. Bad posture affects the shoulders, the spine, the torso and can also affects the feet and knees. Bad posture also affects self-confidence, which can lead to insecurity and depression.

Exercise Regularly

A regular fitness regime in not only good for staying in shape but, it also helps to keep you healthy. Balanced exercise can prevent joint and muscle injuries and strains as well as protect from cardiovascular and other health issues.

Avoid Carrying Heavy Loads for Long

Limit your Time in a Chair: Staying seated for a long time is not a good thing. For one, staying seated over long periods affects the blood circulation and, it also affects upper body health by straining the muscles and joints. Sedentary habits like this also lead to lifestyle conditions like neuropathy by limiting circulation in the extremities.

Eat Right

A balanced diet is a great help in maintaining good health. It helps you get all the vital nutrients like vitamins, protein and minerals necessary to maintain a healthy body. Eating right is essential to maintaining good muscle, bone and joint health. Eating regular, nutritious meals can also help prevent conditions like diabetes from occurring.

Sleep Right

The right amount of sleep at the right time can make all the difference in the world, health-wise. A regular sleep cycle keeps you fresh and full of energy, as well as making sure you’re not exhausted. Exhaustion can cause problems, like contributing to poor posture. Sleep also helps prevent stress and contributes to better mental health.

Watch Your Weight

Just as watching what you eat is important, so is maintaining a healthy weight. There are plenty of negative consequences of excess weight. It impacts the joints, muscles and bones negatively, as well as causing cardiovascular problems. Being overweight can also lead to the development of lifestyle diseases like Diabetes.


Do Popular Diets Really Work?

dietWe keep seeing new research on which foods are good for you. On the flip side, we see new diets springing up, promising better health, quicker weight loss or for getting in shape. The question to ask though is, “Do popular diets really work?” There are plenty of diets that promise weight-loss or help in controlling blood sugar levels. There are also diets that promise to prevent diseases or even help muscle growth. Low-carbohydrate diets, or low-protein no-meat diets have all been popular at one point or the other. These diets are commonly called “yo-yo” diets because of the back-and-forth nature of the diets.

The trouble with these diets is that they mostly focus on the short-term and quickly visible results rather than focusing on health and fitness in the long-term. There’s also the fact that diet alone doesn’t promote a loss of fat or build muscle. Exercise is also a necessity to build muscle and keep the body healthy while keeping weight down.

Another downside to these diets is that, they can deprive you of essential nutrients you might not be aware of. A lack of protein, or vitamins could adversely affect health and cause problems like weak bones and atrophied muscles. They can also lead to the development of lifestyle diseases like diabetes due to erratic food consumption. Crash diets especially, could adversely affect health. Here are some of the negative effects of fad diets:

Effects of Popular Diets

  • Short-term weight loss
  • Increased weight gain after the diet ends
  • Malnutrition
  • Higher chances of diseases like cancer and heart disease
  • Lowered energy levels
  • Reduced levels of physical activities
  • Risk of kidney stone formation
  • Risk of Gout
  • Increased risk on bone conditions like osteoporosis
  • Slowing Metabolism
  • Hair Loss

Some diets even go to extreme levels, completely eliminating food groups or by limiting dieters to just a single food every day like the cabbage soup diet or some that even cut down meals to one a day. Diets that require supplements like protein powders can also affect health in a bad way. These diets are also characterized by extreme dietary restrictions and limited or no sources of research. The important thing to remember when adopting a diet is to ensure that it is a measured, coherent plan for the long term. A clear sign that a diet is a fad is the promise of quick and easy results. Proper diet plans advise portion control rather than elimination of food, and also emphasize on physical activity that improve health when paired with a diet. So, in order to stay healthy, adopting popular diets that seem like they get quick results could affect you in many negative ways. Increased risk of lifestyle and metabolic diseases and autoimmune conditions also rise.

We at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics believe in providing the best care and injury management. Our wide range of prosthetics and orthotics are designed to provide the best aid and support, no matter the need. To know more about us, visit

Five Ways to Combat Indigestion

IndigestionIndigestion, or dyspepsia affects a majority of the population, especially in urban areas. Combating indigestion is now more important than ever. Growing diet discrepancies, an increase in junk food consumption and sedentary lifestyles have contributed to the problem. Indigestion can also be caused by stomach and liver infections and ulcers. Serious conditions like cancer and autoimmune conditions like celiac disease can also be responsible for dyspepsia.

However, there are ways to manage and combat indigestion effectively. Healthy lifestyle choices, natural remedies and medication all help stave off or alleviate indigestion. Here are five ways to combat indigestion:

1>  Fix your eating habits: Poor eating habits, such as erratic meal times, eating late at night or just before bed, skipping meals and eating overly spicy foods can cause indigestion. Sticking to a regular meal plan and avoiding junk food can help prevent dyspepsia from becoming a problem.

Junk Food. "Food" by Joits- CC BY 2.0- Wikimedia Commons.

Junk Food. “Food” by Joits- CC BY 2.0- Wikimedia Commons

2>  Load up on fibre: Fibre helps improve the digestive system and aids bowel movements. Bowel irregularities can lead to indigestion. Including the right amount of fibre in diet can help prevent indigestion and even alleviate the problem.

3>  Improve your lifestyle: Lifestyle choices are a major cause of indigestion. Bad habits like smoking and drinking, as well as being overweight contribute to the incidence of indigestion. Adopting a healthy diet plan and staying away from tobacco and alcohol can help improve digestive health. Moderating consumption of rich, spicy foods and beverages like coffee can also lower the risk and lessen the symptoms of indigestion.

4>  Digestive aids: Indigestion can sometimes be caused by a lack of digestive enzymes or a lack of healthy gut bacteria. In cases like this, taking digestive supplements can help ease the symptoms of indigestion like acidity and acid reflux. Food sources of healthy bacteria like yogurt can also help manage the symptoms, though this might not work if dairy products are a trigger.

"Antacid-L478" by Midnightcomm.  CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons -

“Antacid-L478″ by Midnightcomm. CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.

5>  Avoid Triggers of Indigestion: Dyspepsia can be triggered at times depending on sensitivity to food or an inability to digest certain foods. People with lactose intolerance experience indigestion when eating dairy products, or those with celiac disease could face this problem when eating foods that contain gluten. Stress and anxiety can also trigger indigestion. Medication can also cause an increase in stomach acidity, causing indigestion. Sensitivity to certain drugs, or side-effects can cause this problem.

There are plenty of other ways to combat indigestion. There are natural and home remedies like Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate) mixed with water. Exercising regularly, drinking water in moderation and eating light, healthy meals all go a long way in preventing or reducing the effects of dyspepsia. So, follow these five tips for a healthier, better and indigestion-free life.

We at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics believe that good health leads to a good life. To learn more about us, visit

Stress: Causes, Effects and Treatments



Stress is a constant worry these days and is quickly becoming one of the most common psychological conditions. Fast-paced lifestyles and increased lifestyles, along with environmental factors are leading to an increase in stress levels among the population. However, stress can be combated with awareness of its causes, symptoms and treatments. Read on to find out more.

Causes of stress: Causes of stress are divided into both internal and external factors.

External factors:

  • Major Changes/ Upheavals in Life
  • Financial Worries
  • Overwork
  • Family Troubles
  • Relationship Factors
  • Environments (pollution and crime)
  • Social issues

Internal factors:

  • Unhealthy attitudes
  • Insecurity
  • Health issues
  • Beliefs
  • Emotional Trouble

Now that we have seen some of the common causes of stress, let us take a look at the effects of stress. Stress affects everyone in different ways. It could be as a drive to overcome the stress, or destructive habits like smoking as a coping mechanism. Stress could also lead to anxiety or chronic depression.

Stress leaves both visual and subtle signs that can be recognized.

Signs that you have Stress

  • An inability to focus
  • Constant negativity
  • Anxiety
  • Trouble with memory
  • Sudden changes in mood
  • Short temper
  • Being unable to relax
  • Low self-esteem
  • Behavioral changes
  • Isolation
  • Procrastinating
  • Developing nervous tics

There is no need to worry even more. There are many to manage, if not completely eliminate stress other than relying on unhealthy coping mechanisms such as smoking and drinking habits like overeating. There are many healthy options for dealing with stress.

Avoiding and Treating Stress

Help Yourself: Stress can be managed by making a conscious effort to improve your mood. A healthy lifestyle can help prevent and manage stress. A regular exercise routine, a healthy diet and positive coping mechanisms are very helpful in dealing with stress.

Find a hobby: Finding a way to keep occupied, like a hobby can help relax the body and mind. Doing something you enjoy can help you gain peace of mind. Activities like writing, gardening or painting help.

Therapy: In cases where dealing with stress by oneself doesn’t seem to be helping, there are options like therapy. Talking to a counselor or psychologist helps in dealing with stress. Talking to a counselor can also help identify the root cause of the stress and help come to terms with and overcoming it.

Medication: In cases of excessive stress, anxiety or depression, there are medications that can help lower stress levels by controlling the body’s responses. Medicines that help reduce hypertension and anxiety are used in the treatment of stress.

Take Time to Relax: Taking some time out to relax helps immensely in dealing with stress. Activities like listening to music or meditating are a good way to de-stress.

Laugh: Laughter is definitely the best medicine when it comes to dealing with stress. Laughing leads to a release of endorphins, which promote good feelings and stave off stress.

Being aware of stress goes a long way in preventing and dealing with it effectively. Knowing about the negative effects of stress and how it affects the body also helps stay healthy.

We at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics India are committed to good health. To know more about us, visit


Everything you need to know about Autoimmune Disorders

Everything you need to know about autoimmune disorders

Autoimmune diseases are a condition in which the body, in essence, attacks itself. The root cause of autoimmune disorders is not known but, we do know that the immune system identifies the body’s cells as a threat, causing it to destroy them. There are many different types of autoimmune disorders, which attack different parts of the body. Type-1 Diabetes is a common autoimmune disorder. The immune system attacks the pancreas, destroying the body’s ability to produce insulin and digest sugar. 

Of the many types of autoimmune diseases, the most common are Type-1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis, Lupus and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Crohn’s disease, Asthma and celiac disease are also autoimmune diseases. There are different ways to treat autoimmune disorders, usually through medication and careful diets to prevent these conditions from gaining a foothold. However, the most common method of treating these conditions involves immune-suppressants. These drugs are used to temper the body’s immune response in order to prevent further damage to the affected body part or organ. Other drugs used, like in the case of asthma, are steroids, specifically corticosteroids.

Known Facts

  • The different types of autoimmune diseases number over 80.
  • Autoimmune disorders tend to show similar symptoms, making it hard for an accurate diagnosis
  • The first signs of an autoimmune condition are a low-grade fever, muscle ache and fatigue.
  • Inflammation is another common sign of autoimmune diseases.
  • Autoimmune disorders affect various organs, joints and muscles.
  • Autoimmune responses can be triggered by allergies, exposure to toxic materials and even food sensitivity.
  • Autoimmune disorders can be caused by both low and high immune system activity.

Common Symptoms

  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Intolerance to temperature changes, especially heat.
  • Rashes and hives
  • Having trouble concentrating
  • Hair loss
  • Dryness in the eyes, mouth or skin
  • Abdominal pain
  • Numb or tingling hands and feet
  • Blood clots

There are other, more specialized treatments for treating autoimmune conditions. In some cases, it might not be possible to use immune suppressing drugs, or the treatment might not be appropriate.

Plasmapheresis is another way to treat autoimmune disorders. In this method, the plasma present in blood, the primary carrier of antibodies is separated from the cells. This can help control the immune system’s response by removing the antibodies responsible for the condition. The plasma is then cleared of antibodies and injected back into the patient’s body. Another therapy, plasma exchange, is similar. The only difference is that the plasma removed is replaced with donated plasma like albumin.

To conclude, even though the underlying causes of autoimmune conditions are not known, there are methods to treat them as well as ways to manage and cope with them. Careful management of diet, avoiding likely triggers and regular medical check-ups to prevent a recurrence all help keep safe from any serious damage from the condition.

Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics offers a wide range of support and management products for conditions like Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis. To know more about our company, visit us at Click here for our products or to contact us.

Exercises for the Indoors


Sometimes, it’s impossible to head out of the house for a walk, jog or any other exercise. This could be due to the weather, or even seasons. Cold, heat, rain or snow can make going outdoors for exercise practically impossible. With the mercury rising in summer, exercising outdoors can have a host of negative effects like sunstroke, dehydration and heat exhaustion.

So, when it’s impossible to exercise outdoors, there is still the indoors. Either in the gym or at home, indoor workouts can be just as effective as exercising outdoors. Contrary to popular belief, working out indoors does not restrict from any types of exercises, whether it’s for building muscle or slimming down and gaining muscle tone or strength.

Exercises are broadly classified into two categories, based on what they involve and the benefits they offer.

Cardiovascular Exercises: Cardiovascular exercises are exercises like running or cycling. Cardiovascular training boosts endurance and stamina, as well as improves blood circulation. Cardio, as it’s popularly called also helps burn calories and fat, which makes it a very good routine for losing weight.



Running or Cycling: Running and cycling are good cardiovascular exercises. These exercises can also be performed indoors. For running, there are exercises like jogging in place. There is also equipment available. There are treadmills for indoor running and stationary bikes for cycling indoors.

Skipping: Skipping or jump-rope is a great cardiovascular work-out that improves stamina, endurance and also helps burn calories. All you need is a jump-rope. This exercise can also be performed indoors with enough room.



Strength-training: As the name suggests, strength training focuses on increasing strength. Strength training can be focussed in two ways, core strength and muscle building. Strength training is further divided based on its focus. Calisthenics primarily focuses on building core strength while weight-training’s primary focus is increasing muscle mass.

Squats: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and, keeping your spine straight, lower into a sitting position so that your knees are at a 90 degree angle to the floor. Squats improve leg health and strengthen the calf and thigh muscles. There are also variations on the standard squat such as using weights, a wall for support or a medicine ball.

640px-Marines_do_pushups Push-ups: Push-ups are a standard exercise for improving core strength and improving muscle tone. Push-ups strengthen the arms, legs, back, shoulders and boost core strength as well. Again, there are many variations that target other muscle groups like close-handed or diamond push-ups. Push ups can also be performed against a wall or using a medicine ball. Start with lying on your stomach on the floor with your hands slightly less than shoulder-width apart. Brace your feet against the floor and push yourself up. Remember to keep your back straight. Do ten repeats as a set. Complete at least three sets.

Pull-ups: Pull-ups are a great callisthenic exercise for building core strength and muscle tone. Pull-ups also help strengthen the back and shoulder muscles. For pull-ups, all you need is a sturdy bar that can support body weight. Stand with your feet slightly spread and grab onto the bar with both hands in an overhand grip. Pull yourself up till your nose is level with bar while keeping your back straight.

There are many more exercises that can be done indoors, with or without equipment like lunges and crunches, as well as other exercise forms like yoga, pilates or martial likes Tai Chi. The options are endless. It is completely possible to get a complete workout at home, if you want to lose weight, burn fat or just get in shape.

We, at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics believe that staying fit and healthy is a vital part of life. For information on our products and services, visit us at or contact us here.


Tips and Exercises for the summer

Summer is a time we all love and, it’s the best time to go on a holiday and spend time with friends and family. Summer is also a great time to get fit and in-shape before hitting the beach! The one downside of summer though, is that soaring temperatures can affect us in many ways if we don’t take precautions. Here are some tips and exercises for the summer that can keep us healthy and fit without the negative effects of the summer heat.


Tips for the summer:

1>     Drink Up! Proper fluid intake is one of the most important things in the summer, especially if you’re working out. Drinking water or fresh juices has a cooling effect and replenishes the water lost through sweating.

Iced Tea

Iced Tea


2>     Eat Smart: Diet is very important, especially with the changing seasons. Avoid spicy, hot foods and heavy meats like mutton and beef.

3>     Lighten Up: Clothes are one of the necessities, right after food and water. During the summer, wearing light, breathable clothes can help you keep cool when the mercury rises.

4>     Get some shade: Avoiding direct sunlight is one of the best things to do in the summer, no matter where you are. If you’re out on a walk, wearing a hat can help protect you from the sun. Lightweight jackets and overcoats also help. 

5>     Protect your skin: Skin is a very sensitive organ and can dry out very quickly if exposed to the sun for too long. Overexposure to UV rays can also cause skin conditions. It’s also important to practice good hygiene in the summer to prevent rashes and the like. 

6>     Exercise carefully:  Exercising raises body temperature which, when combined with the summer heat can cause you to become exhausted quickly. Exercising in the summer also causes dehydration due to excessive perspiration. If you’re planning an exercise regime, try to exercise in a cool place, drink plenty of water and don’t overdo it.

"Jogging Woman in Grass" by "Mike" Michael L. Baird. CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

“Jogging Woman in Grass” by “Mike” Michael L. Baird. CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Exercises for the summer

Swimming: Swimming is a great way to stay in shape in the summer. Swimming keeps you cool while you work out and, also acts as cardiovascular and resistance exercise.

Cycling: Cycling in the summer, especially early in the morning or late in the evening when the temperatures are not high is a great way to keep fit.

Hiking: Going for a hike in the mountains where it’s cool is a great way to work out in the summer. The best part? It can be a part of your vacation.

Jogging: Jogging is a great way to stay healthy no matter the weather. It’s best though, when the temperatures are not very high or it’s not sunny. A jog along a beach in the evening is a great summer exercise.

Indoor Exercises: Calisthenics, resistance training and strength training can all be performed indoors. You can skip rope, do pull-ups and crunches and dumb-bell curls at the local gym or at home, if you have the space and the equipment.

Foot Problems and How to Prevent Them



The feet are one of the most important parts of the body. We use them every day for walking, running, climbing and when we play any sports. The feet are also intrinsically tied to our health and are good indicators that something is wrong. Take for example, the neuropathy caused by diabetes. It manifests in the lower limbs first. That is not to say that there are no problems associated with the feet rather than a symptom. Problems like blisters, hyperpronation and flat-feet are common foot conditions.

Common Foot Problems:

  • Athlete’s Foot
  • Blisters
  • Toe Deformities
  • Callus
  • Corns
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Flat Foot
  • High Arches
  • Injuries

Prevention of Foot Problems

The one positive of foot problems is that they are, for the most part, easily manageable or treatable. Here are some tips on preventing and treating foot conditions:

Wear the right shoes: Wearing shoes that are too tight and restrictive can cut off circulation to the feet and cause numbness. Restrictive shoes also make your feet sweaty and can cause infections. This can also cause blisters and ingrown toenails.

Keep your feet dry: Excessive moisture in the feet can cause athlete’s foot, a fungal infection. Choosing socks made of absorbent material like cotton and wool can prevent it.

Prevent nerve damage: Sugary foods and smoking cause a narrowing of the blood vessels, which can cause nerve damage. Nerve damage, or neuropathy is a symptom of diabetes. Reducing sugar intake and not smoking help prevent it and, regular exercise helps improve circulation and overall health.

Corns and Calluses: Corns and Calluses are thick deposits of skin caused by friction. These can be prevented by using special inserts in the shoes. They can also be treated with over-the-counter medicines but, it is better to see a doctor before beginning treatment. Treating corns and calluses can be risky in cases of diabetes or poor circulation.

Preventing Warts: Warts are growths on the skin caused by viruses. Prevent them by adopting good hygiene practices. Avoid sharing personal items like towels, socks and shoes with others. Keeping your feet dry also prevents infections.

Treating Flat Feet: Flat feet are a condition in which the entire bottom of the foot, including the arches, touches the floor. It can cause problems in the ankles and knees. Treatments for flat feet including custom shoe inserts that can help arch curvature, stretching exercises, and shoes that offer better support.

Preventing Achilles Tendonitis: Achilles Tendonitis can be prevented by maintaining a moderate activity level, along with rest. Strengthening the calf muscles also helps.

Visit our website for our products and services. For a list of our orthotics and treatment options for foot problems, visit our products page or Contact us at 011-64000-250.

Basic Tips for Staying Healthy



Health has always been a major concern for everyone, even more so in recent times. Increasing awareness and health consciousness are driving more and more people to make informed choices about what they eat, how the environment affects them and most of all, how to avoid getting sick. The rising awareness of health problems, especially lifestyle-related conditions like diabetes are pushing people into reforming their lifestyles and the choices they make. Whether it’s as simple as choosing organic food over mass produced or as extreme as following a rigid diet that purports to promote health, it is a sign of a drastic increase in people paying attention to their health.

There are plenty of factors that affect health. Ranging from things we’re aware of, to things we mostly take for granted. The factors could be genetic, or age-related. Still, there are steps you can take though to avoid, if not eliminate these problems.

1)      Get adequate rest: Doctors recommend getting a minimum of 8 hours of sleep.

2)      Stay Hydrated: Drinking the right amount of water every day flushes toxins from the body. It is recommended to drink 8 glasses of water a day.

3)      Eat Healthy: Avoid calorie and fat-rich foods. Foods rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids (the good fat) can help you stay healthy. Avoid over-eating

Eating Healthy

Eating Healthy

4) Keep to a healthy weight. It can reduce lifestyle disorders like diabetes as well as heart conditions

5) Exercise regularly. Half an hour of exercise a day can keep your stamina up, boost circulation and prevent heart conditions and stroke.

6) Get regular check-ups. Getting screened and tested for potential problems goes a long way in staying healthy. Most conditions are easily treatable if caught early enough.

7) Leave cigarettes behind. Smoking is known as one of the most common causes of lung, mouth and throat cancer around the world. Quitting smoking also helps the appetite and lung function.

8) While getting sun is good for the health as it promotes the production of Vitamin D, overexposure can cause problems like dehydration, sun stroke and at the extreme, skin cancer.

9) Watch your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol corrodes the liver and can cause kidney problems as well. It also impairs judgement and lead to accidents.

10)   Stress is a major factor in lifestyle conditions. Excess stress can cause high blood pressure and lead to the development of coping mechanisms like smoking, drinking alcohol and overeating. These coping mechanisms in turn are related to various lifestyle disorders.

Factors like air, water, sound and light pollution also play a role in contributing to illnesses. Taking precautions against all these factors and following the tips mentioned above can keep you fit and healthy.

Common causes of ill-health

Food: Food has become increasingly processed, with artificial flavouring, growth-inducing chemicals and other forms of contamination. Metabolic disorders and other lifestyle conditions are also contributing to the illness.

Air: Air is another resource that is essential to life. It is also one of the factors contributing to illness. Rising pollution levels have led to a rise in conditions like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) and Asthma.

Water: Water is another resource that is vital to life. Dropping groundwater levels or even contamination of drinking water sources has contributed to illnesses around the world.

Other factors like air, water, sound and light pollution also play a role in contributing to illnesses. Taking precautions against all these factors and following the tips mentioned above can keep you fit and healthy.

We at Comprehensive Prosthetics and Orthotics believe in providing the best products and services so our patients can live their life to the fullest. Contact us at or at 011-64000-250.